Volume 36, Issue 4 p. 820-827
CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS

Medical nutrition therapy for patients with malnutrition post–intensive care unit discharge: A case report of recovery from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Ryan Burslem RD, CDN

Corresponding Author

Ryan Burslem RD, CDN

School of Health Professions, Department of Clinical and Preventive Nutrition Sciences, Rutgers University, Newark, New Jersey, USA

Correspondence

Ryan Burslem, RD, CDN, School of Health Professions, Department of Clinical and Preventive Nutrition Sciences, Rutgers University, 65 Bergen Street, Suite 157, Newark, NJ 07107-1709.

Email: [email protected]

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Anna Parker DCN, RD

Anna Parker DCN, RD

School of Health Professions, Department of Clinical and Preventive Nutrition Sciences, Rutgers University, Newark, New Jersey, USA

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First published: 10 July 2021
Citations: 2

Abstract

Patients discharged from an intensive care unit (ICU) are frequently malnourished and experience ongoing inadequate nutrition intake because of a variety of barriers, which may lead to further declines in nutrition status. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has drawn increased awareness to this vulnerable patient population and the importance of nutrition rehabilitation to promote optimal recovery from acute illness. Despite this, there are no formal guidelines addressing medical nutrition therapy during the post-ICU recovery phase. This review provides an overview of the nutrition management of patients during the post-ICU recovery phase with a specific focus on COVID-19. A case study will demonstrate how medical nutrition therapy improved the nutrition status and quality of life for a patient who became severely malnourished after a prolonged hospitalization for COVID-19.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST

None declared.